Updated: Mar 24, 2021
The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics 2020 on 6 October to three laureates for their discovery of a black hole in the universe. Roger Penrose showed the general theory of relativity leads to the formation of black holes, while Reinhard Genzel and Andrea Ghez discovered an invisible, extremely heavy object governs the orbits of stars at the centre of our galaxy. David Haviland, chairperson of the Nobel Committee for Physics, says a supermassive black hole is the only currently known explanation for the findings. Professor Göran K. Hansson, secretary general of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, made the announcement of the 2020 Nobel Prize in Physics with an award of 10 million Swedish kronor.
“Penrose of the University of Oxford in the United Kingdom used ingenious mathematical methods in his proof that black holes are a direct consequence of Albert Einstein’s general theory of relativity. Einstein did not himself believe that black holes really exist, these super-heavyweight monsters that capture everything that enters them. Nothing can escape, not even light,” says Haviland.